A modified R-7 two-stage ICBM launches the satellite Sputnik 1 from Tyuratam. The Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States begins.
Explorer-I, officially known as Satellite 1958 Alpha, was the first United States earth satellite and was sent aloft as part of the United States program for the International Geophysical Year 1957-1958.
Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space with a 108-minute flight on Vostok 1 in which he completed one orbit.
In a speech before Congress, President John Kennedy announces that an American will land on the moon and be returned safely to Earth before the end of the decade.
Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, launches on a Saturn 1 for an 11-day mission in Earth orbit. The mission also featured the first live TV broadcast of humans in space.
The famous mission that fulfilled JFK's declaration. Here we intervied Keven Brown, a enginner working for NASA, about what he thought to be the most important space travel accomplishment, he responded Apollo 11.
Apollo 17, the last mission to the moon, returns to Earth.